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The Capitoline Museums, Rome
The Capitoline Museums, part 1 - by Argiletum Tour Rome
the Capitoline Museums, Capitoline she-wolf

the Capitoline Museums, the equestrian statue of Mark Aurel

the Capitoline Museums

the Capitoline Museums, the “Spinario”

In 1471 Sisto IV opens to the public the first Museum of Modern History: for the inauguration the public could see the “Spinario” depicting a boy in the act of pulling a thorn out of his foot, the “Capitoline she-wolf”, the lion that attacks a horse. Later on Innocent VIII had a colossal statue of Costantine housed in the new museum. These statues evoked general admiration. Princes and rich collectors of Europe had them copied. Encouraged by the first discovering, Romans and foreigners started new excavations in order to bring back to light this buried world of stone. Private collections rose and noble palaces were transformed into museums.After a long work of restoration and a renewal completed in the year 2000 the Capitoline Museums offer to the public a completely new arrengement.

Articulated in the 3 palaces that surround the public square of the Capitole, the new Capitoline Museums are perhaps the museums most poetically ordered. The entrance is from the Palace of Conservatori. On the first floor the rooms of the apartment, original nucleus of the palace, once used for parties and solemn occasions, are decorated with splendid frescoes that depict the history of Rome and witness the artistic life of the 1500's. In one of the rooms is housed the “Capitoline she-wolf”, the sacred beast to Rome for having nourished Romoulus and Remo.
The bronze statue, dating back the V cent. B.C. is work of an Etruscan artist, perhaps member of the school of Veio. The realistic and yet dignified figure of the animal and the development in the moulding of the matter are representative of the great achievements reached by the Etruscan in bronze artworks. The figures of the twins that complete the group are more recent work, a creation by Antonio Pollaiolo in the XV cent.. The bloody expression of the she-wolf grinning her teeth towards the enemy with reckless resolution, is a symbol of the power of Ancient Rome threatening the entire world.

The “Spinario”, a Greek sculpture masterpiece dating back to the V sec. B. C., the devout serious expression of the young boy that watches carefully at his foot, his calm and delicate body in the most fine elaboration of the bronze, show the great achievements of Greek sculpture in the V cent. The Museums extend also in the new space of the Roman Garden now covered by a glass roof designed by the architect Carl Aymonino. This room is dedicated to the equestrian statue of Mark Aurel, here brought from the Capitol Square after a long restoration, housed together with the colossal bronze head of Costantine and the majestic statue in gilded bronze of Hercules dating to the II cent. B.C., creating a fascinating and living harmony that combines art with history and nature.In this room are also visible the great blocks of tufa stone, ruins of the foundations of the Temple of Capitoline Jupiter, offering to visitors an idea of the position and the dimensions of the building consecrated in 509 B.C..

The Capitoline Museums - part II

the Capitoline Museums, statue of Costantine
the Capitoline Museums, Capitoline Venus
the Capitoline Museums, Bernini
The Capitoline Museums, Rome

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